Act 148 gives municipalities the authority to establish EACs by ordinance. These ordinances must be consistent with Act 148 and should include details on subjects such as officers, budget and duties. Since Act 148 does not mandate that Pennsylvania local governments establish an EAC, it is up to residents and stakeholders within a community to suggest the establishment of an EAC to their elected officials.
The wording of the statute is general enough to make it easily adapted by individual municipalities for their own ordinances. An example of this type of ordinance from Paradise Township, Monroe County, is included in Appendix II.
The establishment of an EAC can be incorporated into another environmentally based initiative of a municipality, with the powers and duties of the EAC then related to the goals of that initiative. In the example of Lower Makefield, Bucks County, the township passed a resolution to identify and preserve open space within its boundaries. The establishment of an EAC was included in this resolution as one of the means by which its goals would be accomplished. A copy of this resolution is included in Appendix III. It should be noted that in this example, the EAC was created without making use of the enabling statute.